Comments on the challenges faced by China's machinery industry
"in the era of planned economy, whenever the economy is adjusted, the decline of the machinery industry is greater than the industrial average level. However, in the first eight months of this year, the growth rate of the added value of the machinery industry is 2 percentage points higher than the industrial average level, and the profit is 17 percentage points higher."
Cai Weici, executive vice president of the China Machinery Industry Federation, who has worked in the machinery industry for 36 years, shared his views with manager Yan: "in the next five years, the machinery industry has become a competitive industry early, and now the machinery industry enterprises have significantly improved their adaptability to market changes."
however, despite the positive performance of the machinery industry in this financial storm, the road ahead is by no means sunny
industry experts such as Wang Ruixiang, President of the China Machinery Industry Federation, believe that the current machinery industry still faces many challenges to achieve steady and rapid development, both from the macroeconomic situation and the external environment, but also from the long-term existence of the industry itself
judging from the current macroeconomic situation, the downward pressure on economic growth has not been fundamentally relieved. Although the economic operation of the machinery industry is better than expected at the beginning of the year, due to the severe and complex internal and external economic environment and many unforeseen factors, it is not possible to prematurely assert that the industry will stop falling and recover. Great efforts are needed to achieve an annual output growth of more than 12%
serious impact on normal printing. According to the sampling survey of key affiliated enterprises by China Machinery Industry Federation, the new orders in the first eight months of this year increased by 3.8% year-on-year, and the growth rate was significantly lower than that of the same period last year. Due to the small number of new orders, enterprises have insufficient confidence in the situation of the next year and the following year, especially small and medium-sized enterprises with a wide range and large volume are still in a difficult situation
external demand is also not optimistic in the short term. Since this year, although the overall growth of the machinery industry has gradually rebounded, the sharp decline in import and export trade has not been curbed. As import and export enterprises should strengthen the study of inspection and quarantine policies and regulations, for the machinery industry, whose export delivery value accounts for about 20%, it is difficult to expect foreign demand to make a positive contribution to growth in the short term
at the same time, under the situation of sharp decline in the world economy and trade, increased employment pressure in various countries, and more intense market competition, the momentum of trade protectionism has intensified, and various trade frictions such as raising tariffs and abusing relief measures have increased sharply
external challenges should not be ignored, and internal contradictions should be vigilant. Wang Ruixiang believes that China's machinery industry still has long-term accumulated structural contradictions, such as large but not strong industry itself, weak independent innovation ability, backward basic manufacturing level, low-level repeated construction, low added value of product technology content, low industrial concentration, imperfect industrial chain, unbalanced industrial structure and serious overcapacity. Moreover, based on the objective needs of optimal allocation of resources, industrialized countries are still trying to solidify China into a high-end assembly and low-end processing base of the world's equipment manufacturing industry
just because China's machinery industry is still in the stage of extensive development on the whole, the comprehensive energy consumption per unit product of the machinery industry is much higher than that of developed countries, but the rate of industrial added value is much lower than that of developed countries. Taking the tool industry as an example, the price of high-speed steel cutting tools in China is cheaper than that in the international market, and the price of cemented carbide cutting tools is less than one third of that in Japan
"it is a critical moment to make great efforts to change the deep-seated contradictions in China's machinery industry and the unreasonable pattern of 'low-end scuffle and high-end loss' of products." Wang Ruixiang said
Wang Ruixiang believes that the machinery industry should make unremitting efforts to adjust the industrial structure, and resolutely curb the expansion of low-level production capacity and "high-level" repeated construction. By accelerating the merger and reorganization of enterprises and the upgrading of products, it is necessary to form an industrial pattern of complementary advantages and coordinated development, in which the main engine production enterprises change from single machine manufacturing to system integration, and the specialized parts production enterprises develop in the direction of "specialization, precision and specialty"
international experience shows that every major crisis is a major reshuffle of the world economy and a historical opportunity for the rise of great powers. "The machinery industry should strive to grasp the new trend of international industrial development in the future, and occupy the commanding height of international industrial competition in the research and development of low-carbon, energy-saving and environmental protection technologies and equipment products." Wang Ruixiang said
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